user guide  »  console


pop-console provides a layer to run an application from the console terminal and produce formatted output to the terminal window. It has support for commands and their parameters, as well ANSI-based console colors. It can be easily be used with an application built with Pop to route requests from the CLI to the application.


You can use a console object to manage and deploy output to the console, including a prepended header and appended footer.

use Pop\Console\Console;

$console = new Console();
$console->setHeader('My Application');
$console->setFooter('The End');

$console->append('Here is some console information.');
$console->append('Hope you enjoyed it!');
    My Application

    Here is some console information.
    Hope you enjoyed it!

    The End
Console wrap and margin

By default, the console object enforces a wrap width at 80 characters and provides a margin of 4 spaces for readability. These values can be changed to whatever is needed for the application.

use Pop\Console\Console;

$console = new Console(40, 2); // wrap width of 40, margin of 2 spaces
    'Here is some console information. This is a really long string. It will have to wrap.'
  Here is some console information. This
  is a really long string. It will have to

Response Buffer

Append vs Write

In the above examples, the method append() was used in conjunction with send(). The method append() appends the content to the response buffer, which will only get produced to the terminal screen when the method send() is called. This is useful if you have to take a number of steps to create the response buffer before sending it.

Using the method write() allows you to produce content to the terminal screen in real time, without having to call the send() method. This is useful if you need to push content out to the terminal screen of the application as you go.

use Pop\Console\Console;

$console = new Console(40);
    'Here is some console information. This is a really long string. It will have to wrap.'
Newline and Margin

By default, calling the append() or write() methods will produce the margin value at the beginning of the content and a newline at the end of the content. If this is not the desired behavior, boolean flags can be passed to control this:

use Pop\Console\Console;

$console = new Console(40);
$console->write('Here ', false);          // No new line, but use margin
$console->write('is ', false, false);     // No new line, no margin
$console->write('some ', false, false);   // No new line, no margin
$console->write('content.', true, false); // Use new line, but no margin


On a console terminal that supports it, you can colorize text outputted to the console with the colorize() method:

use Pop\Console\Console;
use Pop\Console\Color;

$console = new Console();
    'Here is some ' .
    $console->colorize('IMPORTANT', Color::BOLD_RED) .
    ' console information.'

The colorize() method is also available as a static method on the Pop\Console\Color class:

use Pop\Console\Console;
use Pop\Console\Color;

$console = new Console();
    'Here is some ' .
    Color::colorize('IMPORTANT', Color::BOLD_RED) .
    ' console information.'

Available color constants include:

  • RED
  • BLUE
  • CYAN


The line() method provides a way to print a horizontal line rule out to the terminal. The default character for the line is a dash -, but any character can be passed into the method.

use Pop\Console\Console;

$console = new Console();

It will default to the wrap width of the console object. If no wrap width is available, it will take on the width of the terminal, unless a custom width is specified:

use Pop\Console\Console;

$console = new Console();
$console->line('=', 20);


The header() method provides a way to output a separate block of text with an underline emphasis:

use Pop\Console\Console;

$console = new Console(80);
$console->header('Hello World');
    Hello World

The character, size and alignment can be controlled as well:

use Pop\Console\Console;

$console = new Console();
$console->header('Hello World', '=', 40, 'center');
                   Hello World


Alerts are specially formatted boxes that provide style and enhancement to the user's experience in regard to important information and notifications.

use Pop\Console\Console;

$console = new Console(40);
$console->alertDanger('Hello World', 'auto');
$console->alertWarning('Hello World', 'auto');
$console->alertSuccess('Hello World', 'auto');
$console->alertInfo('Hello World', 'auto');
$console->alertPrimary('Hello World', 'auto');
$console->alertSecondary('Hello World', 'auto');
$console->alertDark('Hello World', 'auto');
$console->alertLight('Hello World', 'auto');
$console->alertBox('Hello World', '-', '|', 'auto');

The alertBox() method produces a colorless alert box with a border made of character strings. The above code will produce the following output to the console terminal:


You can trigger a prompt to get information from the user:

use Pop\Console\Console;

$console = new Console();
$name    = $console->prompt('Please provide your name: ');
$console->write('Hello ' . $name . '!');
$ ./app
    Please provide your name:  Nick
    Hello Nick!

You can also enforce a certain set of options as well as case-sensitivity. The prompt will not accept a value outside of the provided range of option values. If the case-sensitive flag is set to true, the prompt will not accept values that are not an exact case-match.

use Pop\Console\Console;

$console = new Console();
$letter  = $console->prompt(
    'Which is your favorite letter: A, B, C, or D? ',
    ['A', 'B', 'C', 'D'],
$console->write('Your favorite letter is ' . $letter . '.');
$ ./app
    Which is your favorite letter: A, B, C, or D? B
    Your favorite letter is B.

The confirm() method is a shorthand version of a prompt to ask if the user is sure they want to proceed, else the application will exit:

use Pop\Console\Console;

$console = new Console();
$console->write('The user said yes.');
    Are you sure? [Y/N] y
    The user said yes.


A command object allows you to define the name, parameters and help string values of a command and add the command to the console object:

use Pop\Console\Console;
use Pop\Console\Command;

$command1 = new Command('users');
$command1->setParams('--list []');
$command1->setHelp('This is the users help screen');

$command2 = new Command('roles');
$command2->setParams('--list []');
$command2->setHelp('This is the roles help screen');

$console = new Console();

Help Screen

Registering the commands with the console object like in the above example allows you to call the help() method to view the auto-generated help screen:

    users --list []    This is the users help screen
    roles --list []    This is the roles help screen

However, the console object has the method addCommandsFromRoutes() which works in conjunction with a Pop\Router\Cli\Match object to automatically generate the command, along with their parameters and help strings.

use Pop\Console\Console;

$this->console->addCommandsFromRoutes($cliRouteMatch, './myapp');

This console will use the CLI route match object and parse out all of the commands and make them available for the console object to leverage for the help screen.

Help Colors

An extra layer of presentation control is available by way of setting the help screen colors. You can choose up to 4 colors that will be used in breaking apart the command strings by name and parameters and colorizing them to make the different segments standout in an organized fashion.

Let's take a look at the abstract constructor of the pop-kettle component.

    public function __construct(Application $application, Console $console)
        $this->application = $application;
        $this->console     = $console;

            Color::BOLD_CYAN, Color::BOLD_GREEN, Color::BOLD_MAGENTA
            $application->router()->getRouteMatch(), './kettle'

    public function help()

In the above constructor method, the help colors are set and then the application object pushes the CLI route match object into the console method addCommandsFromRoutes(). The second parameter ./kettle is a script prefix to prepend to each line of help. Those two lines are all that is needed to produce the colorful and well organized help screen for pop-kettle, which is called within the controller's help() method.

The output looks like this: